Chulalongkorn University

Thoughts 2014

Thoughts, one of the oldest publications of academic writing in Thai and English at Chulalongkorn University, is a now peer-reviewed annual journal of the Department of English, publishing articles in English on translation, English linguistics, the English language, and literature written in English.

2014 Issue Contents:
  • Pisuda Promsuttirak, “Jane Eyre and Helen Huntingdon: Making their Ways to Domestic Happiness”
    Abstract: This paper examines the narratives of Charlott Brontë’s Jane Eyre and Ann Brontë’s The Tenant of Wildfell Hall in terms of the female protagonist’s progress towards their domestic happiness. Both novels end with the positive future prospect for the heroines after their marriage. However, in addition to this common feature, this study finds that the protagonists share quite similar vital experiences as the narrative progresses. As these experiences operate as the way by which the protagonists attain their domestic joy and as the stimulators of such ending, the paper will discuss in detail the experiences in terms of the heroines’ self-assertion and moral struggle, the influence of death on life, and the heroines’ contributive actions.

  • Chaiyon Tongsukkaeng, “Geographical Memory, Machine Technology and Ecological Poetics: Rewriting the Environment in Remains of Elmet
    Abstract: By incorporating the actuality of childhood landscapes with his poetic imagination, Ted Hughes recreates a cultural geography which unfolds social and historical significance through the ecological language. Remains of Elmet is a product of rewriting geographical memory as much as considering the influences of the Industrial Revolution and war experience in the Yorkshire environment. This paper aims to examine Hughes’ poetic creativity by investigating poems in relation to a discussion of environmental transformations by technology and war. The study shows that the legacy of war is palpable in the reinterpretation of the landscapes intervened by social and historical changes in the cultural memorial of cenotaph. With emphasis on values, Hughes’ poetry reveals his affinity with his environment seen as natural resources such as stones and rocks, in line with Heidegger’s question of the instrumentality. Moreover, the language of metaphor and the register of the body inform Hughes’ keen observation of human community and non-human nature which are re-imagined ecocritically.

  • Wesam M. A. Ibrahim, “A Possible-Worlds Approach to Harry Potter”
    Abstract: This paper investigates the ways in which possible-worlds theory account for the text world phenomena of the Harry Potter series. The Harry Potter books are considered the prototype of the crossover genre and also as the main force behind the rise of the crossover genre as a marketing trend (Becket, 2009; Falconer, 2009). Possible-worlds theory is a well-established approach to fictional worlds from literary theory and narratology. The theory can account for a number of phenomena including, for example, the relationship of the fictional world with the world we call ‘actual’, the introduction of different kinds of impossibilities into the fictional world, the study of character’s private worlds, the tellability of a fictional world which can be the reason behind its appeal to a wider readership, and potentially its commercial success, the relationship or potential linkage between different fictional worlds which can be manifested through instances of intertextuality or allusion, and so on. In this paper, Two books were selected from the series, namely, Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban and Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows for their special status regarding adult readership and awards. I particularly focus on the tellability of the fictional world which results from the presence of interesting narrative points and conflict within its rich virtual domain.

  • Supachai Saeeaw and Supong Tangkiengsirisin, “Rhetorical Structure of Research Article Abstracts in Environmental Science”
    Abstract: Given a massive influx of information, abstracts are considered very useful for accessing pertinent literature and filtering large numbers of articles submitted to the journals rather than perusing through the entire document. In order to create an effective one, many non-English speaking scholars may confront the major challenge of developing writing strategies that conform to the conventions of their own disciplines. Using Hyland’s (2000) five-move model, the objective of this study is to examine the rhetorical structure of research article abstracts in environmental science. The findings indicate that all of the moves, except for Introduction move, were conventional. I-P-M-Pr-C was the most prevalent structure, with Methods and Product the most cyclical moves. Some writers also resorted to embedding strategies to maintain conciseness. Further analysis reveals key linguistic features associated with each particular move. Despite the shared disciplinary content, variations of language choices to some extent can be observed. Pedagogical implications of the findings suggest how the notion of genre can be implemented into reading and writing instruction. Language teachers are highly encouraged to empower their students with strategies in response to the common rhetorical practices. A better understanding of genre characterization will contribute to more active learning participation in class activities and ultimately encourage learners to disseminate their knowledge into the research world.

  • Baramee Kheovichai, “Marketisation of University Discourse: A Corpus Comparison of Lexical Bundles in Job Advertisements Produced by UK Universities and Businesses”
    Abstract: Modern universities have gone through a process of transformation characterised by marketisation and commercial orientation. Studies in the education literature have been critical about this change, raising concerns over the impact of business ideology and practices on the operation and identity of universities as education institutions. Research in critical discourse analysis has approached this phenomenon through the lens of discourse. However, critical discourse studies are often based on small data sets and do not compare university discourse with business discourse to investigate one of their main claims that university discourse will become more similar to business discourse.
    This paper compares 4-word lexical bundles in job advertisements produced by universities and businesses, using corpus linguistic methodology and critical discourse analysis. The results indicate that while lexical bundles in these two data sets have a different emphasis, some lexical bundles are used for self-promotion and job-selling. Further investigation into these lexical bundles shows that they are embedded in larger phraseological patterns which are employed to portray a desirable organisational image and job position, indicating a commercially oriented nature of university discourse.

  • Mathurin Leelasetakul, “Exploring Lexical Bundles in Thai EFL Learners’ Writings”
    Abstract: This paper explores the use of lexical bundles by Thai learners of English in writing, using the data from the Thai and the native speaker sub- corpora in the ICNALE corpus. Lexical bundles that are found in the two sub-corpora are compared in terms of types, frequencies, structures, and functions. Analysis and comparisons are made both between the Thai and the native speaker groups and within the Thai group, comparing three different levels of proficiency. The analysis reveals that Thai learners and native speakers of English differ in their production of lexical bundle types and tokens. The same trend is also observed in lexical bundles used by Thai learners of different proficiency levels.

  • Montira Khumdee and Nattama Pongpairoj, “Variable Production of English Past Tense Marking by L1 Thai Learners: An Application of the Failed Functional Features Hypothesis (FFFH)”s”
    Abstract: In second language acquisition research, it is well-attested that production of functional morphology, e.g. tense and agreement, by L2 learners is variable. The present study examined whether variability exists in production of English past tense marking by L1 Thai speakers. It was hypothesized that variable use of English past tense marking would be observed and that the phenomenon can be accounted for by the Failed Functional Features Hypothesis (FFFH) (e.g. Franceschina, 2001; Hawkins & Chan, 1997; Hawkins & Liszka, 2003), but not by the Missing Surface Inflection Hypothesis (MSIH) (e.g., Lardiere, 1998; Prévost & White, 2000; White, 2003). Three tests, namely Grammaticality Judgment Test, Cloze Test, and Story-telling, were administered to 40 L1 Thai learners: 20 intermediate and 20 advanced learners. The results showed that L1 Thai speakers exhibited variability in their production of English past tense marking across the three tests. Additionally, an asymmetric rate of suppliance of past tense marking was observed. It was found that regular verbs were past-marked less frequently than irregular verbs by both proficiency groups. The suppliance rate of English past tense marking by the two L1 Thai proficiency groups was also higher when adverbial phrases of time indicating pastness were present. The low suppliances of past morphemes including both the representation and the production tasks, and the asymmetric phenomena confirmed the two hypotheses, hence, supporting the FFFH but confounding the MSIH.

  • Supakorn Phoocharoensil, Book Review: Exploring Corpus Linguistics: Language in Action by Winnie Cheng

Editorial Board
  • Editor: Raksangob Wijitsopon, Chulalongkorn University
  • Savitri Gadavanij, National Institute of Development Administration (NIDA)
  • Supakarn Iamharit, Chulalongkorn University
  • Preena Kangkun, Chulalongkorn University
  • Kulwadee  Makarapirom, Kasetsart University
  • Jill Metcalfe, Chulalongkorn University
  • Yanatchapim Pasavoravate, Mahidol University
  • Passapong Sripicharn, Thammasat University
  • Supong Tangkiengsirisin, Thammasat University
  • Nida Tiranasawasdi, Chulalongkorn University
  • Wayupa Tossa, Mahasarakham University
  • Kriangkrai Vathanalaoha, Srinakarinwirot University
Advisory Board
  • Thom Huebner, San Jose State University
  • Tony Hung, Hong Kong Baptist University
  • Chalermsie Jan-Orn
  • Pongsri Lekawatana
  • Sudaporn Luksaneeyanawin, Chulalongkorn University
  • Kathryn VanSpanckeren, University of Tampa
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    Thoughts Journal
    Department of English, Faculty of Arts
    Chulalongkorn University
    Phaya Thai Road
    Wang Mai, Pathum Wan
    Bangkok 10330  Thailand

Last updated: July 24, 2015 Department of English
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