อาจารย์ ดร.พัชรวิรัล เจริญพัชรพร

อาจารย์ ดร.พัชรวิรัล เจริญพัชรพร  Patcharaviral Charoenpacharaporn

อาจารย์ ดร.พัชรวิรัล เจริญพัชรพร Patcharaviral Charoenpacharaporn

Patcharaviral is interested in transnational history in the twentieth century, particularly the Cold War period. Her research touches upon a broad range of topics including decolonisation, ideology and self-imagery of the state, modernity, foreign policy, the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM), development and foreign aid.

Currently, Patcharaviral is working on a project revolving around the circulation of scientific knowledge in early twentieth century, especially the relationship between forestry and landuse: how has human society developed knowledge to modify/alter natural landscapes in order to exploit the natural resources?, how did scientific knowledge circulate across national borders?, and how did the spread of modern forestry lead to deforestation on a global scale?

During King Rama V’s (Chulalongkorn) reign, reforms were initiated to modernise Thailand, including changes to land use policies. The Royal Forest Department was established in 1896, marking the beginning of formalised forest management in the country, with the aim of controlling and managing timber resources. By the mid-twentieth century, extensive logging, driven by both domestic needs and export markets, led to increased deforestation. This resulted in issues such as soil erosion, loss of biodiversity, and degradation of watersheds becoming pressing concerns.

Efforts are being made to promote sustainable land use practices, including agroforestry, community forestry initiatives, and sustainable agricultural techniques. Thailand’s forests play a crucial role in carbon sequestration and climate regulation. Efforts to combat climate change include reforestation and afforestation projects.

Thailand remains committed to international agreements, such as the United Nations’ REDD+ program, reflecting ongoing efforts to reduce deforestation and promote sustainable forest management.

This project is a collaboration with Dr Aleksandra Kaye (MPI-GEA) and Dr Tinakrit Sireerat (CMU). Parts of this will be presented at the AAS-in-Asia 2024 (Yogyakarta, Indonesia) and Circulating Knowledge: 20 Years On (Kjipuktuk/Halifax, Canada).

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